I am having difficulty with one of the questions on my homework assignment in Anatomy and Physiology I.  The question is "What are the different organelles and their functions?"  Help..
asked Sep 13, 2012 by anonymous

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Cell(Plasma) Membrane:
-Function: Protective layer that separates the interior of a cell from it's surroundings. Controls the movement of the particles in and outside the cell.
Cytoplasm:
-Function: Transports, absorbs, and processes nutrients. Holds organelles.
Centrioles:
-Function: Involved in the cell division. Forms spindle fibers.
Ribosomes:
-Function: Makes proteins.
Mitochondria:
-Function: Uses sugars and turns it into energy, and makes ATP.
Nucleus:
-Function: Controls cell activities. Passage ways for RNA suspends nucleolus.
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)
-Functions: Makes/Transports Proteins.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER).
-Functions: Makes/Transports Fats.
Golgi Body(Apparatus).
-Functions: Stores/modifies/sorts/packages proteins into vessicles.
Lysosomes:
-Functions: Enymes that function break down food particles, cell wastes, and worn-out cell parts.
Peroxisomes:.
-Functions: Digest foreign bodies; neutralize toxic compounds.
Cell Wall:.
-Functions: Surrounds/protects a plant cell and gives the cell it's boxy shape, prevents bursting in most environments.
Chloroplasts:
-Function: Traps energy from the sun, and converts it into energy sugar and
starch(food) via photosynthesis.
Plastid:
-Functions: Stores nutrients/pigments/chemicals used in food making (photosynthesis)
Vacuole:
-Functions: Membrane-bounded sacs for storage of water/food/wastes.
Flagella/Cillia:
-Functions: Flagella: Movement(Wipe-line action.) Cillia-Trap dust/movement.

 
answered Sep 16, 2012 by anonymous

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